To find out if your pooch has a cold, you should note down any changes in his behavior or health, such as a lack of energy or a runny nose. Because the symptoms of a cold are similar to those of other diseases like canine distemper, parainfluenza, and pneumonia, describing them to your vet can help determine what your dog has.
So what should you watch out for? The primary symptoms of a cold are:
* Runny nose
* Watery eyes
* Lack of appetite
* Increased body temperature
* Nasal discharge, sometimes with blood or pus
Fungi, bacteria, and viruses cause rhinitis – inflammation or infection of the nose, in other words. These germs start as infections of the nasal passages, but can sometimes spread to other parts of the respiratory system, like the bronchi and trachea, causing more severe symptoms. Colds are very contagious and can be caught through the air or when canines come into contact with other infected animals.
A trip to the vet is not always necessary, but puppies, older dogs, and those with weaker immune systems may need to be checked by one to prevent any further complications. Generally, a cold can be treated at home. If symptoms persist for more than ten days or get worse, your vet may have to run some tests to figure out if they are caused by something else, such as a foreign body lodged in the nose or a respiratory infection.
Home treatment is an option for normally healthy dogs. You can take the following steps to help relieve the symptoms in your pet:
* Give your dog lots of water to prevent dehydration. If he is not drinking, you can administer water into his mouth using a syringe.
* Make sure your pooch gets plenty of rest.
* Use a vaporizer to keep nasal passages moist and ease breathing. Ten minutes in a steamed bathroom will also do.
* Ask your vet about over-the-counter cough medicine.
* Isolate your dog from other pets to stop the cold from spreading.
* Disinfect food and water bowls, play areas, and sleeping areas.
If there are no improvements or symptoms worsen, bring your dog to the vet as soon as possible. The medication your vet prescribes will depend on the cause of the cold. For instance, antibiotics will not combat colds caused by viral infections.